Somaliland government established the National Environmental Research and Disaster Preparedness Authority (NERAD) in 2003, which has of late been transformed to National Disaster Preparedness and Food Reserve Authority (NADFOR), with the sole purpose of effectively managing disasters, based on the country’s susceptibility to recurrent environment related hazards. NADFOR is mandated to develop national policies & strategies for disaster management, emergency preparedness, establishment of early warning systems, raising of disaster appeals, coordinating humanitarian efforts of the various government institutions and humanitarian agencies, management of national food reserve, and carrying out research on environmental related hazards/disaster, and mobilization of the local and international resource for humanitarian response.
Disaster management is important in the quest of achieving national development since there is interconnection between development and humanitarian stages. Without addressing drivers of adverse natural and man-made conditions, the gains made on the development front will be subsequently eroded. No meaningful development can be realised without forestalling conditions that trigger humanitarian crisis.
The government is currently focusing on establishing a national food reserve and building community capacity on disaster risk reduction. We have managed to create enabling environment for all humanitarian partners to work with the government in strengthening resilience to disasters. If we cooperate and pool our efforts, strategies and resources in managing disasters, we shall be able to minimize effects of drought and other hazards to manageable level.
Faisal Ali Sh. Mohamed
Commissioner of NADFOR
Somaliland lies in the horn of Africa, with a coastal stretch of 850km; and occupying an area of 137,600 km2, with 13 administrative regions that are subdivided into districts and sub-districts. Somaliland has an estimated population of 4 million as no census has been conducted yet. About 60% of the population is pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, while the rest are largely urban dwellers. The overall climate of Somaliland is monsoonal with northeast and southwest monsoon influencing rainfall and wind direction. Majority of the rains follow the effects of southwest monsoon.
Increasingly, the country is becoming prone to disasters, particularly climate related hazards/disasters such as drought and floods. Droughts and floods are the most frequent hazards that are faced apart from other lesser disasters such as fire, disease outbreak, and pest invasions. The high variability of rainfall and increasing environmental changes continue to have significant impact on frequency and severity of the climate related hazards. These hazards have profound impact on socio-economic development of the people, and most importantly on target outcomes of the National Development Plan (NDP) for which the government is set to achieve by 2022. This may not be realized without effective management of risks associated with disasters.
Nevertheless, NADFOR has been taking the lead in mitigating resulting impacts of different disasters despite having limited resources for its operations. Still, much effort and support is needed for its anticipatory response strategy in managing disasters, and for enhancing its early warning systems.
To prevent frequent occurrence of disasters and reduce vulnerability of communities by improving sustainable coping capacities to decrease overall impact to disasters on lives and livelihoods of Somaliland communities.