0n 28th February 2020.

NADFOR Produces Drought Monthly Bulletin in Collaboration with Shaqodoon through Funding of Oxfam. This is the outcome of the data collected by CBDRM-committees with the support of focal persons, who monitor key indicators of drought early warning.

 The Key Early Warning indicators include:

  1.  Rainfall,
  2. Water level.
  3.  Pasture conditions.
  4. Market and Terms of Trade.

Targeting villages:

1            Balanbaal, 6 Faraguul,  
2 Ceelcadde, 7 Dhoobo-Cantuug,
3 Dhoomo 8 Gawseweyne,
4 Il-Libaah 9 Shiisha
5   Huluul,   10  Tuur-B.

Weather patterns in the country

Four main seasons characterize the seasonal weather patterns in Sanaag region as in the case of other parts of the country: Two rainy seasons and two dry seasons. The seasons are largely determined by shifts in wind patterns from Indian Ocean (a southerly air stream) and from Asia and Arabia (north-easterly winds) .The main rains fall during the Gu-season (April-June) with lighter and more sporadic rains falling  during the Deyr season ( October –December

Rainfall levels during these two seasons determine water and pasture availability for livestock ,and as a result, animal body conditions ( and value),reproductive rates and milk availability.

In other words, there are two dry seasons which are characterized by one shorter, cooler season, known as the Hagaa (22nd July to 23rd September and a long, hot dry season, known as the Jilaal (January to 23rd March), which is the harshest season of the year. During the dry season, livestock migrate to areas where better water and pasture are still available.

In addition to these four main seasons, particular weather systems occur of the country. The western regions of Somaliland receive Karan rains between July and August, which allow agro-pastoralists to practice a Karan harvest. Guban coastal strip receives Xays rains during the colder months of December and January, attracting pastoralists from high land areas (Agropastoral and Golis mountainous zones) to the coast as pasture improve.


  1. Rainfall: The 2019 GU and Deyr rainfalls received in Sanaag region was exceptionally normal in terms of Amount, duration, intensity and coverage.

This figure below indicates that there was no rainfall received during the dry season. In Somaliland, this season is a long, hot dry season, locally known as the Jilaal (January to 23rd March), which is the harshest season of the year)

Compare price of goat, Rice and Sugar

  Terms of trade were in favor of pastoralists. For instances:

  1. Average price of a Goat could fetch one bag (50kgs) of Rice and 25 KGS of sugar during the February 2020.
  2. Average price for a camel could fetch 11heads of goats

(From June 2019-december 2019.

      Contact: Ahmeddini Nur Goth

            Director of Disaster preparedness

          & Early warning systems

           Of NADFOR Authority:


  Mobile: 0634127474

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