Drought Preparedness Planning – Somaliland
Drought has become a normal part of climate variability for virtually all regions. It is important to develop drought preparedness plans to deal with these events in a timely, systematic manner. But past attempts to manage drought and its impacts through a reactive, crisis management approach have been ineffective, poorly coordinated, and untimely. For a number
of reasons, governments has find difficult to move from reactive approach to one that more proactive. Drought’s slow onset cause problems for scientists, natural resource managers, and policy makers. Because drought is not visual as other natural hazards, it may be difficult for the public to understand its impacts and the need to plan for droughts. Yet another other constraint to drought preparedness is lack of methodologies to guide people through the planning process. In response (Wilhite et al, 2000) developed and revised a methodology that provides guidelines, a checklist of the key elements of drought plan, and a process— the following step drought planning process—through which these elements can adapted to any level of government or geographical setting.
Step 1 Activation the National/ District committee
A key political leader should appoint a multidisciplinary committee drought as specified in the
law No 35 of 2007 to supervise and coordinate development of the plan.
Step 2 State the purpose and objectives of the drought plan
Natural Disaster Council (NDC) and drought task force should state the general purpose and specific objectives for the drought plan. Objectives should reflect the unique characteristics of the region in question.
Step 3 Seek stakeholder participation and secure traditional knowledge
NERAD to identify all groups that have a stake in drought planning and understand their interests.
Step 4 Inventory resources and identify those who are or may be at risk
An inventory of natural, biological, and human resources and their vulnerability to drought should be undertaken; constrains to planning process should be identified.
Step 5 the assurance of establishing food reserve stock and emergency fund
Step 6 Establish and write drought plan (literature reviews)
The drought plan should have three primary components: (1) monitoring, early warning, and prediction; (2) risk and impact assessment; and (3) mitigation and response.
Step 7 Identify research need and fill institutional gaps
The NDC and task forces/ regional committee force should compile a list of research need and gaps in institutional responsibility and make recommendations on how to remedy them.
Step 8 Publicize the preparedness to build public awareness and consensus
Keep the public informed of the status of water, health food supplies, conditions that might lead to request for water use restrictions, and ways to access drought assistance.
Step 9 Undertake and develop education programs
NERAD should create an education program to raise awareness of short- and long-term drought response.
Step 10 The government in collaboration with NERAD Authority should establish National food reserve stock in all main centers, to upgrade and improve coordination and develop effective collaboration and reduce over-laps in government circles, international organization, etc
Based on this, I am suggesting points for how best to reduce drought would beginning